HOPHRA

HOPHRA (Heb. חָפְרַע; Egyptian Haʿaibre-Wahibe, "the heart of Ra appears"), king of Egypt of the 26th dynasty, 589–570 B.C.E. It is not clear precisely what role Hophra played as an ally of zedekiah of Judah during the latter's revolt against the Babylonians in 589 (cf. Jer. 37: 5–11 with Jer. 44:30). As the Egyptian records make no mention of these events, the sole sources are Greek and biblical. Hophra (Apriēs in the Greek sources) apparently seized the opportunity presented by Zedekiah's revolt to invade Cyprus and Phoenicia (Herodotus, 2:161), at first successfully, taking "Sidon by storm" and returning   to Egypt "with much booty" (Diodorus Siculus, 1:68). However, since Zedekiah's revolt was crushed two years later, it may be assumed that either the Egyptians were eventually repulsed by Nebuchadnezzar or else that the invasion of Phoenicia, undertaken on the pretext of aiding the Jews, was actually intended to aggrandize the Egyptians. According to Manetho (C. Mueller, Fragmenta historicorum Graecorum, 2 (1853), nos. 68–69) "the remnant of the Jews fled to him, when Jerusalem was captured by the Assyrians" (sic), a fact confirmed by Jeremiah 43:5–7. The reference to Hophra in Jeremiah 44:30 does not shed much light on these events; it foretells, rather, Hophra's death at the hands of his enemies. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jer. 39–44; Herodotus, 2:161–3; 4:159; A. Gardiner, Egypt of the Pharaohs (1961), 360–1. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: D. Redford, in: ABD, 3:286–87. (Alan Richard Schulman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HOPHRA — Ier. c. 44. v. ult. Tradam Pharaonem Hophra, Regem Aegypti, in manum inimicorum eius etc. Chaldaeo vertitur Tractus, Syro Claudus; ironice forsan, quod in ferendo auxilio Iudaeis claudicaverit. Graeci autem nomen proprium agnoscunt, vertuntque… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Hophra — Hophra, so v.w. Apries …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hophra — Hophra, König von Ägypten, s. Apries …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hophra — Hophra,   in der Vulgata Ẹphree, hebräischer Name des ägyptischen Königs Apries …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hophra — Namen von Apries Eigenname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hophra —    I.e., PHARAOH HOPHRA (called Apries by the Greek historian Herodotus) king of Egypt (B.C. 591 572) in the time of Zedekiah, king of Judah (Jer. 37:5 44:30; Ezek. 29:6, 7) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Gérard Hophra — (* 20. August 1989 in Lüttich) ist ein belgischer Straßenradrennfahrer. Gérard Hophra begann seine Karriere 2009 bei dem belgischen Continental Team Lotto Bodysol. In seinem ersten Jahr dort wurde er bei der Provinzialmeisterschaft von Lüttich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apries — Wahibre head of Apries, Louvre Pharaoh of Egypt Reign 589–570 BC …   Wikipedia

  • Criticism of the Bible — This article is about criticisms made against the Bible as a source of reliable information or ethical guidance. For the academic treatment of the bible as a historical document, see Biblical criticism. The Gutenberg Bible, the first printed… …   Wikipedia

  • Apries — Namen von Apries Horusname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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